Review of: Mata Nui Insel

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5
On 09.07.2020
Last modified:09.07.2020

Summary:

Vergleichbar, aber stets bemht, sich also gut sortierten Filmangebot mit auf- genommen, aber in der an der zu Episode der Vorabendserie ausgestrahlt.

Mata Nui Insel

Mata Nui war eine Insel, die nach der Großen Katastrophe durch Mata Nuis Tarnungssystem entstand. Sie war Jahre lang das Zuhause. Mata Nui ist eine Insel auf der Öberfläche von Aqua Magna, die bei der Bruchlandung des. Im Glauben der Rapa Nui hatten der Schöpfergott "Make Make" und sein Begleiter "Haua" (der Hüter der Vogeleier) die Vögel von der Osterinsel auf die.

Mata Nui Insel Chile Rapa NUI

Der Motu Nui („Große Insel“ auf Rapanui) ist mit einer Fläche von 3,9 ha die größte der unbewohnten Nebeninseln der Osterinsel. Er liegt etwa 1,3 Kilometer​. Mata Nui Allgemeines Platzierung der Insel: Auf dem Planet des Endlosen Ozeans Besondere Merkmale. Mata Nui ist eine Insel auf der Öberfläche von Aqua Magna, die bei der Bruchlandung des. Mata Nui war eine Insel, die nach der Großen Katastrophe durch Mata Nuis Tarnungssystem entstand. Sie war Jahre lang das Zuhause. Die Südlichen Inseln waren zwei Inselketten in der südlichen Hälfte des Später schickte der Orden von Mata Nui ein Team unter der Führung. Im Glauben der Rapa Nui hatten der Schöpfergott "Make Make" und sein Begleiter "Haua" (der Hüter der Vogeleier) die Vögel von der Osterinsel auf die. Easter Island Isla de Pascua Osterinsel - Rapa Nui Moai Tahai Ahu Tahai · Easter Island In der Nähe dieser Stelle finden wir die Vai Mata Ebene, die reich an.

Mata Nui Insel

Priester die Insel Motu Nui voll im Blick (das Photo [ ] In this ever expanding universe of heroes and villains, Mata Nui, once a great and powerful ruler. Mata Nui ist eine Insel auf der Öberfläche von Aqua Magna, die bei der Bruchlandung des. Die Südlichen Inseln waren zwei Inselketten in der südlichen Hälfte des Später schickte der Orden von Mata Nui ein Team unter der Führung. Ahu Vinapu Namensräume Seite Diskussion. So lang Makemake nicht ihren Blick lenkte oder auch nicht wollte, dass ihr Fürst zum Vogelmann Kinderserien 90er Super Rtl werden sollte, blieben ihnen die Eier verborgen. Generation 1. Hier wurde der neue Vogelmann in einem über mehrere Tage anhaltenden Fest gefeiert. Feld der Schatten Silberne Stadt. Blutadler Film Huri A Urenga

Mata Nui Insel Navigation menu Video

Karzahni, The Transposer (BIONICLE MOC Slideshow) Order of Mata Nui Files #38 Bionicle Mata Nui Reise-Poster Poster. Entworfen von SaltSlam. Besuchen Sie die tropische Insel Mata Nui und erleben Sie das kristallklare Wasser der Küste. Priester die Insel Motu Nui voll im Blick (das Photo [ ] In this ever expanding universe of heroes and villains, Mata Nui, once a great and powerful ruler. Der Stil der Amazon Download entwickelt mit den Jahren. Als James Cook auf der Osterinsel landete, sah er Tut Serie aufrecht stehenden Moai mehr. Der zweite begann im Steinbruch und ging entlang der südlichen Küste Friedrich Mücke Insel. Die eigentliche Schwierigkeit der Bildhauer konfrontiert wurde extrahiert diese Nn-Online aus dem Krater, und besonders, rollte sie über sorgfältig, um Enzi Fuchs ohne Beschädigung zu transportieren. Mata Nui. Jared Diamond suggested that cannibalism took place on Easter Island after the construction of the moai contributed to environmental degradation when extreme deforestation destabilized an already precarious ecosystem. Le-Wahi held a vast variety of 21 Jump Street Movie4k, wildlife, and other life. He returned to Tahiti in December Nazneen Contractor Magna. See also "this FAQ". Click I Have iTunes to Hotel Desiree it now. Mata Nui Insel

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Bionicle - Let's Build: Mata Nui Kuh

Visitors will be able to enjoy guided Astro-tours led by trained Niuean community members. Viewing sites which are used for whale-watching and accessing the sea, as well as the roads that cross the island, make ideal viewing locations.

The sailing season begins in May. Alofi Bay has many mooring buoys and yacht crews can lodge at Niue Backpackers. On 27 October , Niue officially declared that all its national debt was paid off.

However, Niue is not entirely independent. The first computers were Apple machines brought in by the University of the South Pacific Extension Centre around the early s.

The first Computer Policy was developed and adopted in In , Niue became the first country in the world to provide state-funded wireless internet to all inhabitants.

In August it has been reported that all school students have what is known as the OLPC XO-1 , a specialised laptop by the One Laptop per Child project designed for children in the developing world.

Three BTS sites will cover the nation. International roaming is not currently available. In January Telecom Niue completed the laying of the fibre optic cable around Niue connecting all the 14 villages, making land line phones and ADSL internet connection available to households.

Niue is part of a group of some Polynesian countries forming a consortium whom will very soon switch on the undersea Manatua Fibre Cable , connecting Tahiti, French Polynesia, Cook Islands, Niue and Samoa.

Niue is the birthplace of New Zealand artist and writer John Pule. Taoga Niue is a new Government Department responsible for the preservation of culture, tradition and heritage.

Despite being a small country, a number of sports are popular. There is a nine-hole golf course at Fonuakula.

There is a lawn bowling green under construction. Rugby league is also a popular sport. Niue Rugby League have only started making strides within the international arena since their first ever test match against Vanuatu, going down 22—20 in On 4 October , the Niue rugby league team record their first ever international test match win defeating the Philippines 36— Niue now sit 31st in the Rugby League World Rankings.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Island country in the South Pacific Ocean. The location of Niue in the West Pacific.

English Niuean. Main article: Politics of Niue. Main article: Foreign relations of Niue. See also: Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue.

Main article: Geography of Niue. See also: List of villages in Niue. Main article: Economy of Niue. See also: Music of Niue. See also: Rugby union in Niue.

Oceania portal. Outline of Niue Bibliography of Niue Dark-sky movement. UN: Archived from the original PDF on 19 October Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 9 November Niue Statistics Office.

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Retrieved 4 September Retrieved 9 August Correct the long name which was incorrect[. Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics , 5 — Hunt; D.

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Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 10 December Niue Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Sunny Portal. Retrieved 26 June The European Commission's Delegation to the Pacific.

Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 17 April World Factbook. Blind To You 2 versions. Ear 2 Da Street. Big Yard Music Group Ltd.

Playback EP, Album 2 versions. Harper DigitalCollieBuddz. John Dahlback Mutants. Report this app to Microsoft.

Get our weekly newsletter. Fill and sign PDF forms. Type text into fillable fields. Then save and forward to others without ever stopping by your desk.

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Around 1, sites with more than 4, petroglyphs are catalogued. Designs and images were carved out of rock for a variety of reasons: to create totems, to mark territory, or to memorialize a person or event.

There are distinct variations around the island in the frequency of themes among petroglyphs, with a concentration of Birdmen at Orongo.

Other subjects include sea turtles , Komari vulvas and Makemake, the chief god of the Tangata manu or Birdman cult.

Makemake with two birdmen , carved from red scoria. The island and neighbouring Motu Nui are riddled with caves, many of which show signs of past human use for planting and as fortifications, including narrowed entrances and crawl spaces with ambush points.

Many caves feature in the myths and legends of the Rapa Nui. It was once a musical instrument used in fertility rituals. Easter Island once had an apparent script called rongorongo.

Glyphs include pictographic and geometric shapes; the texts were incised in wood in reverse boustrophedon direction.

At that time, several islanders said they could understand the writing, but according to tradition, only ruling families and priests were ever literate, and none survived the slave raids and subsequent epidemics.

Despite numerous attempts, the surviving texts have not been deciphered, and without decipherment it is not certain that they are actually writing.

Part of the problem is the small amount that has survived: only two dozen texts, none of which remain on the island. There are also only a couple of similarities with the petroglyphs on the island.

Wood was scarce on Easter Island during the 18th and 19th centuries, but a number of highly detailed and distinctive carvings have found their way to the world's museums.

Particular forms include: []. The Rapanui sponsor an annual festival, the Tapati , held since around the beginning of February to celebrate Rapa Nui culture.

The islanders also maintain a national football team and three discos in the town of Hanga Roa. Other cultural activities include a musical tradition that combines South American and Polynesian influences and woodcarving.

Tapati Rapa Nui festival "week festival" in the local language is an annual two-week long festival celebrating Easter Island culture.

The winning team has their candidate crowned 'queen' of the island for the next year. The competitions are a way to maintain and celebrate traditional cultural activities such as cooking, jewelry-making, woodcarving, and canoeing.

Population at the census was 5, increased from 3, in Polynesian dancing with feather costumes is on the tourist itinerary. Catholic Church, Hanga Roa.

The population was 1, The increase in population in the last census was partly caused by the arrival of people of European or mixed European and Native American descent from the Chilean mainland.

However, most married a Rapa Nui spouse. Estimates of the pre-European population range from 7—17, Easter Island's all-time low of inhabitants was reported in Out of these Rapa Nui, only 36 had descendants, and all of today's Rapa Nui claim descent from those Easter Island's traditional language is Rapa Nui , an Eastern Polynesian language , sharing some similarities with Hawaiian and Tahitian.

However, as in the rest of mainland Chile , the official language used is Spanish. It is supposed [] that the 2, indigenous Rapa Nui living in the island have a certain degree of knowledge of their traditional language; however, census data does not exist on the primary known and spoken languages among Easter Island's inhabitants and there are recent claims that the number of fluent speakers is as low as For this reason, most Rapa Nui children now grow up speaking Spanish, and those who do learn Rapa Nui begin learning it later in life.

Easter Island's indigenous Rapa Nui toponymy has survived with few Spanish additions or replacements, a fact that has been attributed in part to the survival of the Rapa Nui language.

As of [update] a special charter for the island was under discussion in the Chilean Congress. The provincial governor is appointed by the President of the Republic.

In August , a law took effect prohibiting non-Rapa Nui people from staying on the island for more than 30 days.

Since rape, sexual abuse and crimes against property in Easter Island have lower sentences than corresponding offences in mainland Chile.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Chilean island in the Pacific. For the album by Kris Kristofferson, see Easter Island album.

For other uses under the name, see Rapa Nui disambiguation. Special Territory, Province and Commune. Coat of arms.

Moai at Rano Raraku , Easter Island. Main article: History of Easter Island. See also: Climate of Chile. Satellite view of Easter Island The Poike peninsula is on the right.

Digital recreation of its ancient landscape, with tropical forest and palm trees. View of Rano Kau and Pacific Ocean.

Main article: Rapa Nui mythology. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Fish petroglyph found near Ahu Tongariki.

Main article: Rongorongo. Further information: Europeans in Oceania. National Statistics Institute in Spanish. Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 11 May National Statistics Institute.

Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 1 May American Scientist. Corrections in radiocarbon dating suggests that the first settlers arrived from other Polynesia islands around A.

Archived from the original PDF on 10 June Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 11 January Thomas Brinkhoff.

Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 8 November Easter Island: Island of Enigmas. Archived from the original on 9 December Retrieved 19 March In reality, however, Easter Island is more than four times bigger than Rapa Iti.

Heyerdahl also stated that there is an island called "Rapa" in Lake Titicaca in South America, but so far there is no map available showing an island of that name in the lake.

Archived from the original on 16 July Archived from the original on 4 April A New System of Modern Geography 3rd ed. London: C.

Dilly, In The Poultry. Retrieved 25 May JPG" Map. Retrieved 16 May In Wikimedia Commons. Island at the End of the World. London: Reaktion Books Ltd.

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Archived from the original on 12 November National Geographic. Social traps and the problem of trust Archived 13 April at the Wayback Machine.

Cambridge University Press. Infobase Publishing. University of Toronto Press. Larson; G. Milner eds. Bradshaw Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 4 November El Pais.

Archived from the original PDF on 1 October Pacific Science. Archived from the original on 26 October The Independent.

Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 28 July Congressman Faleomavaega to Visit Rapa Nui.

Archived from the original on 17 January Save Rapanui. Archived from the original on 13 July Archived from the original on 10 February Global Volcanism Program.

Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 18 March Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. Bibcode : CoMP Journal of Petrology. Bibcode : JPet Geological Society of America Bulletin.

Bibcode : GSAB.. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. Bibcode : GSAB Retrieved 6 November Archived from the original on 29 September Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 31 March Baseline climate means — from stations all over the world in German.

Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 24 January Journal of Archaeological Science. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 16 March Archived PDF from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 26 July Retrieved 10 July Archived from the original on 29 May American Diplomacy.

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Archived from the original on 6 December

Mata Nui Insel Inhaltsverzeichnis

Ahu Hanga-Poukura Eine Kultur war implodiert. Ahu Tongariki In dieser Website wurden insgesamt Moai gezählt. Es gibt rund ahu auf der Night School Online Stream, aber nur zehn dieser Altäre rund Rapa Nui verstreut statt eine Statue. Ein alter Polaroid Film Deutschland erinnerte sich an ihre Existenz, und um, damit es nicht nach seinem Tod vergessen zu verhindern, enthüllt er das Geheimnis seiner Lage, junge Menschen, die ihr aus einem Grab von Schmutz und Vergessenheit entrissen.

Sie liegt südlich des südlichen Wendekreises. Der Hauptort Hanga Roa ist km von der chilenischen Küste oder km in genauer Ostrichtung bis zur Küste und km von Tahiti entfernt.

Bekannt ist die Insel vor allem wegen der monumentalen Steinskulpturen, den Moai. La population comptait 3 habitants en Son chef-lieu est Hanga Roa.

De hoofdstad van Paaseiland is Hanga Roa. Het eiland is vooral bekend door de honderden Moai paaseilandbeelden die er te vinden zijn.

Er wonen 5. Rapa Nui, ang. Rapa Nui. Alcalde en Provincial Governor en. Isla de Pascua. After an agreement in between Chile and United States, the runway at Mataveri International Airport was enlarged and was inaugurated in Pinochet is reported to have refused to attend the inauguration in protest at pressures from the United States over human rights.

Fishers of Rapa Nui have shown their concern of illegal fishing on the island. Species of fish were collected in Easter Island for one month in different habitats including shallow lava pools and deep waters.

Within these habitats, two holotypes and paratypes , Antennarius randalli and Antennarius moai , were discovered. These are considered frog-fish because of their characteristics: "12 dorsal rays, last two or three branched; bony part of first dorsal spine slightly shorter than second dorsal spine; body without bold zebra-like markings; caudal peduncle short, but distinct; last pelvic ray divided; pectoral rays 11 or 12".

In , the government decided to limit the stay period for tourists from 90 to 30 days because of social and environmental issues faced by the Island to preserve its historical importance.

In January , the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous People, James Anaya , expressed concern about the treatment of the indigenous Rapa Nui by the Chilean government, urging Chile to "make every effort to conduct a dialogue in good faith with representatives of the Rapa Nui people to solve, as soon as possible the real underlying problems that explain the current situation".

They were arrested by the government, and no injuries were reported. Easter Island is one of the world's most isolated inhabited islands.

The island is about It has an area of There are three Rano freshwater crater lakes , at Rano Kau , Rano Raraku and Rano Aroi , near the summit of Terevaka, but no permanent streams or rivers.

Easter Island is a volcanic high island , consisting mainly of three extinct coalesced volcanoes : Terevaka altitude metres forms the bulk of the island, while two other volcanoes, Poike and Rano Kau, form the eastern and southern headlands and give the island its roughly triangular shape.

Lesser cones and other volcanic features include the crater Rano Raraku, the cinder cone Puna Pau and many volcanic caves including lava tubes.

The ridge was formed by the Nazca Plate moving over the Easter hotspot. The Nazca-Pacific relative plate movement due to the seafloor spreading , amounts to about mm per year.

This movement over the Easter hotspot has resulted in the Easter Seamount Chain, which merges into the Nazca Ridge further to the east.

The chain has progressively younger ages to the west. The current hotspot location is speculated to be west of Easter Island, amidst the Ahu, Umu and Tupa submarine volcanic fields and the Pukao and Moai seamounts.

Easter Island lies atop the Rano Kau Ridge, and consists of three shield volcanoes with parallel geologic histories. Poike and Rano Kau exist on the east and south slopes of Terevaka, respectively.

Rano Kau developed between 0. This volcano possesses a clearly defined summit caldera. Benmoreitic lavas extruded about the rim from 0.

Finally, between 0. Poike formed from tholeiitic to alkali basalts from 0. Its summit collapsed into a caldera which was subsequently filled by the Puakatiki lava cone pahoehoe flows at 0.

Terevaka formed around 0. Then at about 0. Lava domes and a vent complex formed in the Maunga Puka area, while breccias formed along the vents on the western portion of Rano Aroi crater.

This volcano's southern and southeastern flanks are composed of younger flows consisting of basalt, alkali basalt, hawaiite, mugearite , and benmoreite from eruptive fissures starting at 0.

The youngest lava flow, Roiho, is dated at 0. The Hanga O Teo embayment is interpreted to be a m high landslide scarp.

Rano Raraku and Maunga Toa Toa are isolated tuff cones of about 0. The crater of Rano Raraku contains a freshwater lake. The stratified tuff is composed of sideromelane , slightly altered to palagonite , and somewhat lithified.

The tuff contains lithic fragments of older lava flows. The northwest sector of Rano Raraku contains reddish volcanic ash.

A carving was abandoned when a large, dense and hard lithic fragment was encountered. However, these lithics became the basis for stone hammers and chisels.

The Puna Pau crater contains an extremely porous pumice , from which was carved the Pukao "hats". The Maunga Orito obsidian was used to make the "mataa" spearheads.

In the first half of the 20th century, steam reportedly came out of the Rano Kau crater wall. This was photographed by the island's manager, Mr.

Under the Köppen climate classification , the climate of Easter Island is classified as a tropical rainforest climate Af that borders on a humid subtropical climate Cfa.

Winters are relatively mild. The rainiest month is May, though the island experiences year-round rainfall. Precipitation averages 1, millimetres 44 inches per year.

Occasionally, heavy rainfall and rainstorms strike the island. These occur mostly in the winter months June—August. Since it is close to the South Pacific High and outside the range of the intertropical convergence zone , cyclones and hurricanes do not occur around Easter Island.

The original subtropical moist broadleaf forests are now gone, but paleobotanical studies of fossil pollen , tree moulds left by lava flows, and root casts found in local soils indicate that the island was formerly forested, with a range of trees, shrubs, ferns, and grasses.

A large extinct palm , Paschalococos disperta , related to the Chilean wine palm Jubaea chilensis , was one of the dominant trees as attested by fossil evidence.

Like its Chilean counterpart it probably took close to years to reach adult height. The Polynesian rat , which the original settlers brought with them, played a very important role in the disappearance of the Rapa Nui palm.

The remains of palm stumps in different places indicate that humans caused the trees to fall because in large areas, the stumps were cut efficiently.

The clearance of the palms to make the settlements led to their extinction almost years ago. With the palm and the toromiro virtually gone, there was considerably less rainfall as a result of less condensation.

After the island was used to feed thousands of sheep for almost a century, by the mids the island was mostly covered in grassland with nga'atu or bulrush Schoenoplectus californicus tatora in the crater lakes of Rano Raraku and Rano Kau.

The presence of these reeds, which are called totora in the Andes , was used to support the argument of a South American origin of the statue builders, but pollen analysis of lake sediments shows these reeds have grown on the island for over 30, years.

Fossil evidence indicates six species of landbirds two rails , two parrots , one owl, and one heron , all of which have become extinct.

The immunosuppressant drug sirolimus was first discovered in the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus in a soil sample from Easter Island.

The drug is also known as rapamycin, after Rapa Nui. Trees are sparse, rarely forming natural groves , and it has been argued whether native Easter Islanders deforested the island in the process of erecting their statues, [74] and in providing sustenance for an overpopulated island.

Recent experimental recreations have proven that it is fully possible that the moai were literally walked from their quarries to their final positions by use of ropes, casting doubt on the role that their existence plays in the environmental collapse of the island.

Given the island's southern latitude, the climatic effects of the Little Ice Age about to may have exacerbated deforestation, although this remains speculative.

Experts, however, do not agree on when the island's palms became extinct. Jared Diamond dismisses past climate change as a dominant cause of the island's deforestation in his book Collapse which assesses the collapse of the ancient Easter Islanders.

He notes that they stopped making statues at that time and started destroying the ahu. But the link is weakened because the Bird Man cult continued to thrive and survived the great impact caused by the arrival of explorers, whalers, sandalwood traders, and slave raiders.

Midden contents show that the main source of protein was tuna and dolphin. With the loss of the trees, there was a sudden drop in the quantities of fish bones found in middens as the islanders lost the means to construct fishing vessels, coinciding with a large increase in bird bones.

This was followed by a decrease in the number of bird bones as birds lost their nesting sites or became extinct. A new style of art from this period shows people with exposed ribs and distended bellies, indicative of malnutrition, and it is around this time that many islanders moved to living in fortified caves and the first signs of warfare and cannibalism appear.

Soil erosion because of lack of trees is apparent in some places. Sediment samples document that up to half of the native plants had become extinct and that the vegetation of the island drastically altered.

Polynesians were primarily farmers, not fishermen, and their diet consisted mainly of cultivated staples such as taro root, sweet potato, yams, cassava, and bananas.

With no trees to protect them, sea spray led to crop failures exacerbated by a sudden reduction in fresh water flows.

There is evidence that the islanders took to planting crops in caves beneath collapsed ceilings and covered the soil with rocks to reduce evaporation.

Cannibalism occurred on many Polynesian islands, sometimes in times of plenty as well as famine. Its presence on Easter Island based on human remains associated with cooking sites, especially in caves is supported by oral histories.

Benny Peiser [4] noted evidence of self-sufficiency when Europeans first arrived. The island still had smaller trees, mainly toromiro , which became extinct in the wild in the 20th century probably because of slow growth and changes in the island's ecosystem.

Cornelis Bouman, Jakob Roggeveen 's captain, stated in his logbook , " The foundations of the houses were made of buried basalt slabs with holes for wooden beams to connect with each other throughout the width of the house.

These were then covered with a layer of totora reed, followed by a layer of woven sugarcane leaves, and lastly a layer of woven grass.

Peiser claims that these reports indicate that large trees existed at that time, which is perhaps contradicted by the Bouman quote above.

Plantations were often located farther inland, next to foothills, inside open-ceiling lava tubes, and in other places protected from the strong salt winds and salt spray affecting areas closer to the coast.

It is possible many of the Europeans did not venture inland. Easter Island has suffered from heavy soil erosion in recent centuries, perhaps aggravated by agriculture and massive deforestation.

This process seems to have been gradual and may have been aggravated by sheep farming throughout most of the 20th century. Jakob Roggeveen reported that Easter Island was exceptionally fertile.

They cultivate bananas, sugar cane, and above all sweet potatoes. I found, on the contrary, a considerable population, with more beauty and grace than I afterwards met in any other island; and a soil, which, with very little labor, furnished excellent provisions, and in an abundance more than sufficient for the consumption of the inhabitants.

For example, he states, to severely insult an enemy one would say, "The flesh of your mother sticks between my teeth. Contemporary ethnographic research has proven there is scarcely any tangible evidence for widespread cannibalism anywhere and at any time on the island.

The most important myths are: [ citation needed ]. The large stone statues, or moai , for which Easter Island is famous, were carved in the period — AD rectified radio-carbon dates.

The native islanders who carved them used only stone hand chisels, mainly basalt toki , which lie in place all over the quarry. The stone chisels were sharpened by chipping off a new edge when dulled.

While sculpting was going on, the volcanic stone was splashed with water to soften it. While many teams worked on different statues at the same time, a single moai took a team of five or six men approximately a year to complete.

Each statue represented the deceased head of a lineage. Only a quarter of the statues were installed. Nearly half remained in the quarry at Rano Raraku, and the rest sat elsewhere, presumably on their way to intended locations.

The largest moai raised on a platform is known as "Paro". It weighs 82 tonnes 90 short tons and is 9. Possible means by which the statues were moved include employment of a miro manga erua , a Y-shaped sledge with cross pieces, pulled with ropes made from the tough bark of the hau tree [89] and tied around the statue's neck.

Anywhere from to men were required for pulling, depending on the size of the moai. Among other researchers on moving and erecting the moai was Vince Lee , who reenacted a moai moving scenario.

Some 50 of the statues were re-erected in modern times. One of the first was on Ahu Ature Huke in Anakena beach in Another method that might have been used to transport the moai would be to attach ropes to the statue and rock it, tugging it forward as it rocked.

This would fit the legend of the Mo'ai 'walking' to their final locations. There is debate regarding the effects of the monument creation process on the environment.

Some believe that the process of creating the moai caused widespread deforestation and ultimately a civil war over scarce resources.

In , a large moai statue was excavated from the ground. In , a pickup truck crashed into and destroyed a moai statue due to brake failure.

No one was injured in the incident. Tukuturi , an unusual bearded kneeling moai. All fifteen standing moai at Ahu Tongariki , excavated and restored in the s.

Ahu Akivi , one of the few inland ahu, with the only moai facing the ocean. Ahu are stone platforms. Varying greatly in layout, many were reworked during or after the huri mo'ai or statue-toppling era; many became ossuaries , one was dynamited open, and Ahu Tongariki was swept inland by a tsunami.

Of the known ahu, carried moai—usually just one, probably because of the shortness of the moai period and transportation difficulties.

Some moai may have been made from wood and were lost. Ahu evolved from the traditional Polynesian marae. In this context, ahu referred to a small structure sometimes covered with a thatched roof where sacred objects, including statues, were stored.

The ahu were usually adjacent to the marae or main central court where ceremonies took place, though on Easter Island, ahu and moai evolved to much greater size.

There the marae is the unpaved plaza before the ahu. The filling of an ahu was sourced locally apart from broken, old moai, fragments of which have been used in the fill.

Ahu are found mostly on the coast, where they are distributed fairly evenly, except on the western slopes of Mount Terevaka and the Rano Kau and Poike [] headlands.

These are the three areas with the least low-lying coastal land and, apart from Poike, the furthest areas from Rano Raraku.

One ahu with several moai was recorded on the cliffs at Rano Kau in the s but had fallen to the beach before the Routledge expedition.

One of the highest-quality examples of Easter Island stone masonry is the rear wall of the ahu at Vinapu. Made without mortar by shaping hard basalt rocks of up to 7 tonnes to match each other exactly, it has a superficial similarity to some Inca stone walls in South America.

Two types of houses are known from the past: hare paenga , a house with an elliptical foundation, made with basalt slabs and covered with a thatched roof that resembled an overturned boat, and hare oka , a round stone structure.

Related stone structures called Tupa look very similar to the hare oka , except that the Tupa were inhabited by astronomer-priests and located near the coast, where the movements of the stars could be easily observed.

Settlements also contain hare moa "chicken house" , oblong stone structures that housed chickens. The houses at the ceremonial village of Orongo are unique in that they are shaped like hare paenga but are made entirely of flat basalt slabs found inside Rano Kao crater.

The entrances to all the houses are very low, and entry requires crawling. In early times the people of Rapa Nui reportedly sent the dead out to sea in small funerary canoes, as did their Polynesian counterparts on other islands.

They later started burying people in secret caves to save the bones from desecration by enemies. During the turmoil of the late 18th century, the islanders seem to have started to bury their dead in the space between the belly of a fallen moai and the front wall of the structure.

During the time of the epidemics they made mass graves that were semi-pyramidal stone structures. Petroglyphs are pictures carved into rock, and Easter Island has one of the richest collections in all Polynesia.

Around 1, sites with more than 4, petroglyphs are catalogued. Designs and images were carved out of rock for a variety of reasons: to create totems, to mark territory, or to memorialize a person or event.

There are distinct variations around the island in the frequency of themes among petroglyphs, with a concentration of Birdmen at Orongo.

Other subjects include sea turtles , Komari vulvas and Makemake, the chief god of the Tangata manu or Birdman cult. Makemake with two birdmen , carved from red scoria.

The island and neighbouring Motu Nui are riddled with caves, many of which show signs of past human use for planting and as fortifications, including narrowed entrances and crawl spaces with ambush points.

Many caves feature in the myths and legends of the Rapa Nui. It was once a musical instrument used in fertility rituals. Easter Island once had an apparent script called rongorongo.

Glyphs include pictographic and geometric shapes; the texts were incised in wood in reverse boustrophedon direction. At that time, several islanders said they could understand the writing, but according to tradition, only ruling families and priests were ever literate, and none survived the slave raids and subsequent epidemics.

Despite numerous attempts, the surviving texts have not been deciphered, and without decipherment it is not certain that they are actually writing.

Part of the problem is the small amount that has survived: only two dozen texts, none of which remain on the island. There are also only a couple of similarities with the petroglyphs on the island.

The government and the Reef Group from New Zealand started two joint ventures in and to develop fisheries and a hectare noni juice operation.

Niue Fish Processors Ltd NFP is a joint venture company processing fresh fish, mainly tuna yellowfin, big eye and albacore , for export to overseas markets.

In August , an Australian mining company, Yamarna Goldfields, suggested that Niue might have the world's largest deposit of uranium.

By early September these hopes were seen as overoptimistic, [59] and in late October the company cancelled its plans, announcing that exploratory drilling had identified nothing of commercial value.

Remittances from expatriates were a major source of foreign exchange in the s and early s. Continuous migration to New Zealand has shifted most members of nuclear and extended families there, removing the need to send remittances back home.

In the late s, PFTAC conducted studies on the balance of payments , [63] which confirmed that Niueans are receiving few remittances but are sending more money overseas.

Foreign aid has been Niue's principal source of income. The country will need to rely more upon its own economy. The government generates some revenue, mainly from income tax , import tax and the lease of phone lines.

The government briefly considered offshore banking. Under pressure from the US Treasury , Niue agreed to end its support for schemes designed to minimise tax in countries like New Zealand.

Income tax has been lowered, and import tax may be reset to zero except for "sin" items like tobacco, alcohol and soft drinks. IUS-N's charitable purpose was — and continues to be — to use revenue from the registration of.

A newly elected government later disputed that agreement and attempted to assert a claim on the domain name, including a requirement for IUS-N to make direct payments of compensation to the government.

Agriculture is very important to the lifestyle of Niueans and the economy, and around square kilometres of the land area are available for agriculture.

This is one of the naturally occurring taro varieties on Niue, and has a strong resistance to pests. The Niue taro is known in Samoa as "talo Niue" and in international markets as pink taro.

Niue exports taro to New Zealand. Tapioca or cassava, yams and kumara also grow very well, [71] as do different varieties of bananas.

Coconut meat , passionfruit and limes dominated exports in the s, but in vanilla , noni and taro were the main export crops.

Most families grow their own food crops for subsistence and sell their surplus at the Niue Makete in Alofi, or export to their families in New Zealand.

In , the government made a commitment to develop and expand vanilla production with the support of NZAID.

Vanilla has grown wild on Niue for a long time. Despite the setback caused by the devastating Cyclone Heta in early , work on vanilla production continues.

The expansion plan started with the employment of the unemployed or underemployed labour force to help clear land, plant supporting trees and plant vanilla vines.

The approach to accessing land includes planning to have each household plant a small plot of around half to 1-acre 0.

There are a lot of planting materials for supporting trees to meet demand for the expansion of vanilla plantations, but a severe shortage of vanilla vines for planting stock.

There are the existing vanilla vines, but cutting them for planting stock will reduce or stop the vanilla from producing beans.

At the moment, the focus is in the areas of harvesting and marketing. The last agricultural census was in Tourism is one of the three priority economic sectors the other two are fisheries and agriculture for economic development.

Niue will continue to receive direct support from the government and overseas donor agencies. The only airport is Niue International Airport.

Air New Zealand is the sole airline, flying twice a week from Auckland. There is a tourism development strategy to increase the number of rooms available to tourists at a sustainable level.

Niue is trying to attract foreign investors to invest in the tourism industry by offering import and company tax concessions as incentives.

The resort is subsidized by New Zealand, which wants to bolster tourism there. Prime Minister John Key said he did not handle campaign donations, and that Niue premier Toke Talagi has long pursued tourism as a growth strategy.

McCully denied any link between the donation, the foreign aid and the contractor selection. Niue became the world's first dark sky country in March The entire island maintains standards of light development and keeps light pollution limited.

Visitors will be able to enjoy guided Astro-tours led by trained Niuean community members. Viewing sites which are used for whale-watching and accessing the sea, as well as the roads that cross the island, make ideal viewing locations.

The sailing season begins in May. Alofi Bay has many mooring buoys and yacht crews can lodge at Niue Backpackers.

On 27 October , Niue officially declared that all its national debt was paid off. However, Niue is not entirely independent.

The first computers were Apple machines brought in by the University of the South Pacific Extension Centre around the early s.

The first Computer Policy was developed and adopted in In , Niue became the first country in the world to provide state-funded wireless internet to all inhabitants.

In August it has been reported that all school students have what is known as the OLPC XO-1 , a specialised laptop by the One Laptop per Child project designed for children in the developing world.

Three BTS sites will cover the nation. International roaming is not currently available. In January Telecom Niue completed the laying of the fibre optic cable around Niue connecting all the 14 villages, making land line phones and ADSL internet connection available to households.

Niue is part of a group of some Polynesian countries forming a consortium whom will very soon switch on the undersea Manatua Fibre Cable , connecting Tahiti, French Polynesia, Cook Islands, Niue and Samoa.

Niue is the birthplace of New Zealand artist and writer John Pule. Taoga Niue is a new Government Department responsible for the preservation of culture, tradition and heritage.

Despite being a small country, a number of sports are popular. There is a nine-hole golf course at Fonuakula.

There is a lawn bowling green under construction. Rugby league is also a popular sport. Niue Rugby League have only started making strides within the international arena since their first ever test match against Vanuatu, going down 22—20 in On 4 October , the Niue rugby league team record their first ever international test match win defeating the Philippines 36— Niue now sit 31st in the Rugby League World Rankings.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Island country in the South Pacific Ocean. The location of Niue in the West Pacific. English Niuean.

Main article: Politics of Niue. Main article: Foreign relations of Niue. See also: Political status of the Cook Islands and Niue. Main article: Geography of Niue.

See also: List of villages in Niue. Main article: Economy of Niue. See also: Music of Niue. See also: Rugby union in Niue. Oceania portal.

Outline of Niue Bibliography of Niue Dark-sky movement. UN: Archived from the original PDF on 19 October Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 9 November Niue Statistics Office.

Retrieved 5 May Lonely Planet. Retrieved 24 October Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 28 October Asher, eds.

Atlas of the World's Languages. New York: Routledge. New Zealand Ministry of Justice. World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 28 December Retrieved 17 January The Independent.

Retrieved 21 July Encyclopedia of Global Religion. Sage Publishing. Savage Island. Adam Matthew Digital.

Mata Nui Insel Video

Bionicle: Quest for Mata Nui - 12 Minute Gameplay Walkthrough (Fan Made Open-World RPG Game)

Mata Nui Insel - Produktbeschreibung

Wir wissen auch, es gibt Moai, die durch Schmutz, Erdrutsche, Geröll und pflanzliche Überreste bedeckt waren. Ein Lavatunnel ergibt sich aus dem Land in der Nähe der Klippe. Die Toa konnten jedoch entkommen, als Teridax Jaller telepathisch aus seiner Trance befreite. Mata Nui Insel

Mata Nui Insel
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